At the heart of the conflict in southern Sudan, there is no oil or territory, but livestock, according to the African states, consider India A’s peacekeeping forces to be considered “more valuable” to humans.
A young Indian commander of the UN mission in Southern Sudan (UNMISS) said in the world’s youngest nation, composed mostly pastors, centrality gained is such that justice, even murder, can be served in terms of cows.
Speaking of video conferencing Bor, about 190 km from the capital, Juba, Mayur Shekatkar, the official explained that cattle is also a form of dowry. The size of a herd of cattle, whose benchmark is at least 200 animals, often determines whether a young person is eligible for marriage or not, he said.
Brigadeur K. S. Brar, the National Senate for India’s share, called UNMISS the second most dangerous after the publication of Syria, where fighting is “relentless” in the absence of a cease-fire.
“The clashes are not the usual resources, such as land or land. [Tribes] fight against cattle, considered more valuable than humans, and with the proliferation of weapons, the situation has become more complex,” he said. That the Brar brigade.
To date, UNMISS killed seven Indians – one officer, three young officers in charge (JCO) and three others – said Brar brigade.
For pastoralists, in the absence of agriculture and other forms of occupation, livestock is a source of wealth and prestige and, therefore, is at the heart of their enmity, which has plunged the country into an extraordinary crisis, marked by Incessant violence, hunger, hunger and death.
“These tribes migrate with their cattle in the dry season for the Nile.” The clashes are intense during this period and are mainly governed by their traditional justice system, which can commit a murder, but justice can be for livestock, Said Mr Shekatkar.
Lieutenant Colonel Anand Shelke, chief physician of the Indian team, shared statistics that reflect the enormity of the situation. Lieutenant Colonel Shelke said that the Treaty of 10 000 cattle heads against 2,000 people in the last month.
South Sudan was created in 2011 after the independence of Sudan, after a long war of two decades. But again hostilities erupted in 2013 when President Salva Kiir Mayardiit returned the Cabinet while accusing Vice President Riek Machar to plot a failed coup.
The violence that followed has triggered a crisis that has almost disappeared from its control, prompting the UN to launch a “massive humanitarian response.”
The cracks between the different ethnic groups in the country, being the majority of Dinka, are deep and a feeling of constant insecurity only precipitate the crisis, with millions of displaced people and people suffering from hunger.
“Victims include women and children. Several reports U.N. raised alarming facts about sexual violence.
There is a presence of child soldiers to some extent. Almost every young man has a weapon in himself. At the time of leaving, you can make a shot. In general, the conflict is brutal, “said Mr Shekatkar.
Under these circumstances, troops, who are mandated to protect civilians and create conditions for the provision of humanitarian assistance, must sometimes agree in combat situations, said Brigadier Brar, adding that since the Indians were there Long time, appreciate little good relations with the neighbours.
“There are some questions about Shahrukh Khan, Kajol and films like DDLJ (Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge),” said Commander Manuel Kartik, who is part of the mission.
Using the goodwill they enjoy among locals, the Indian team tried to teach them the value of livestock in agriculture, which is almost absent despite the presence of large tracts of land, Brar said. “It will also take care of food security.”